Kidepo Valley National Park sits in Karamoja region northeast Uganda, bordering with Sudan and Kenya. It is recorded to be 1,442 square kilometres tional, and can be accessed by road northwest of Moroto
Kidepo Valley National park is characterized by rugged savannah, semi-arid valleys, dominated by the 2,750 metres Mount Morungole and transected by the Kidepo and Narus rivers.
Kidepo Valley National Park was gazetted as a national park in 1962, It hosts over 77 mammal species as well as around 475 bird species.
Kidepo Valley National Park Back Ground:
It is well known that years back, it was inhabited by the Dodoth and the IK people belived to be farmeers in the area before it was gazette by the British colonial masters in 1958.
This was to protect the animals from hunting and to further prevent clearing of bush for tsetse fly control.
Failure to take community needs into a bigger priority, the resident people got evicted thus resulting to famine that hit especially the IK (farmers) people.
Later on, When Milton Obote came to power, he summarized it all by converting the reserve into the famous kidepo Valley National in 1962.
Attributes of the Park:
The park has its main hearts into two major valley systems, kidepo and Narus River. The valley floors lie between 3,000 feet and 4,000 feet.
The famous tepid hot spring Kanangarok (kananorok or kanatarok) can be seen in the extreme north of the park, beside the South Sudanese boundary. This spring is the most permanent source of water in the park seen in all seasons.
The park has clay boggy soils, stretching to the kidepo valley, it is characterized by black chalky clay and sandy-clay loam predominate, while the Narus Valley has freer-draining red clays and loams
The valley is also dry and the vegetation around can only be supported by semi-desert clmate. Streams in the Kidepo Valley are dotted with palms. Higher areas have whistling thorn acacias bush
It is characterized by short red oat grass and taller bunchy Guinea grass and fine thatching grass. Further in its span, It can be seen with trees in the drier areas like red thorn acacias, desert dates, and drumstick trees.
Also, the iconic sausage trees and fan palms occupy the water courses, camel’s foot (or the shorter monkey bread) and Buffalo thorn trees can also be seen here.
Kidepo is also characterized by its perennial waters which make its river an oasis in the semi-desert. Due to this nature, it hosts over 86 mammal species including spotted hyenas, Congo lions, Tanzanian cheetahs, leopards, wild dogs, elephants, giraffes, zebras, Cape buffaloes, bat-eared foxes, Rothschild’s giraffes, waterbucks among others. And as well as over 500 bird species