Lake Kyoga, sometimes spelt as ‘kioga’ is a prominent feature, large shallow lake found in Uganda.
Lake kyoga is about 1,720 km2 in area, sitting at an elevation of 1,033 metres. The Victoria Nile flows through the lake on its way from Lake Victoria to Lake Albert.
Nalubaale Power Station in Jinja regulates the main inflow from Lake Victoria. Has its other source of water in the Mount Elgon region on the border between Uganda and Kenya.
However, while Lake Kyoga is part of the Great Lakes system, it is not itself considered a great lake.
Lake Kyoga has a depth of about 5.7 metres, most of its parts are less than 4 metres deep. Areas that are less than 3 metres deep are found to be covered by water lilies.
It can also be noted that most of its part on the swampy shoreline is covered with water hyacinth and papyrus. The latter, forms floating islands that drift between a number of small permanent islands.
The lake can also be seen surrounded by extensive wetlands fed by a complex system of streams and rivers.
There is a lot of interesting features to see here, wild life like hyenas, zebras, elephants, hippos, crocodiles, Different bird species over Forty-six species and many more.
Previously the rampant El Nino rains in 1997–98 are believed to have resulted in exceptionally high water levels, that led to the large islands of papyrus and water hyacinth mats to become dislodged on the lake and to accumulate at the lake’s outlet into the Victoria Nile.
A key to note is that, this blockage caused the water level to become even higher, flooding about 580 square kilometers of the surrounding land and resulting in population displacement and severe socioeconomic damage.
Later, in 2004, the Egyptian government granted Uganda a gift of 13 million USD to streamline the flow of the Nile at Lake Kyoga.