Mount Elgon is an extinct shield volcano on the border of Uganda and Kenya north of Kisumu and west of Kitale. Mountain Elgon has the largest volcanic base in the world and can also be seen northeast of Lake Victoria.
Mount Elgon’s highest point, named “Wagagai”, is fully located within Uganda. Although there is no verifiable evidence of its earliest volcanic activity.
To some geologists, they estimate that Mount Elgon is at least 24 million years old, making it the oldest extinct volcano in East Africa
Nature of Mount Elgon | Physical Features
Mount Elgon is vast form, 80 kilometres in diameter, rises 3,070 metres above the surrounding plains. It can be well seen that the cooler heights offer respite to people from the hot plains below, Where mount Elgon’s parts of with a high altitude, provide a refuge for flora and fauna.
Mt. Elgon consists of five major peaks:
- Wagagai (4,321 metres (14,177 ft)), in Uganda
- Mubiyi (4,211 metres (13,816 ft)) in Uganda
- Masaba (4,161 metres (13,652 ft)) in Uganda
- Sudek (4,302 metres (14,114 ft)) on the Kenya-Uganda border
- Koitobos (4,222 metres (13,852 ft)), a flatctopped basalt column in Kenya
There are aslo other interesting key features around this great Mount Elgon like: Endebess Bluff recorded to be 2,563 metres, the largest intact magnificent caldera in the whole world, and the warm springs by the Suam River.
Finally, the prominent caves: Ngwarisha, Makingeny, Chepnyalil, and Kitum. Kitum Cave is stands 60 metres wide and penetrates 200 meters.
Kitum Cave can be seen with salt deposits and many animals like wild elephants can be seen moving here to lick the salt exposed by gouging the walls with their tusks.
Mount Elgon is the catchment area for many rivers like the Nzoia River and the Lwakhakha River, which flow to Lake Victoria and the Suam River, which becomes the Turkwel downstream and drains into Lake Turkana.
The foot hills of Mount Elgon greatly support the growth and expansion of the the town. The mountain is protected by two Mount Elgon National Parks, one on each side of the international border.
Important feautures | Tourist Attractions | Areas of Interest:
Mount Elgon National Park: With cliffs, caves, waterfalls, gorges, mesas, calderas, hot springs, and the mountain peaks
Mammals: Elephants and buffalo found on the lower slopes, small antelope and duiker, as well forest monkeys, the black-and-white colobus and blue monkey, red-tailed monkey, leopards, hyenas
Birds: Over 144 bird species: Jackson’s francolin, the eastern bronze-naped pigeon, Hartlaub’s turaco, the Tacazze sunbird and the endangered lammergeyer and many others
Endebess Bluff: Have an exciting panoramic view of the areas’ escarpments, mesas, gorges and rivers.
Hiking: The highest peak of Mt. Elgon on the Kenya side, Koitoboss, measures 13,852 ft and can easily bereached by hikers in about two hours from the road’s end
Hot Springs and ancient cave paintings near the trailhead at Budadiri, the former volcano’s crater which bubble at temperatures of up to 48 °C: Have magnificent looks at the hot water, have a chance to boil water eggs from here.
Other activities in the area prominently enjoyed by our tourists include:
- Vehicle circuits leading to animal viewing areas, the caves and Koitoboss peak.
- Self-guided walking trails
- Hiking to Endebess Bluff and Koitoboss Peak
- Primate and bird watching
- Cave explorations
- Camping photography