They are a chain of volcanoes in East Africa, The mountain range is a branch of the Albertine Rift Mountains, which border the western branch of the East African Rift.
They are located between Lake Edward and Lake Kivu.
It is noted that, the name “Virunga” is an English version of the Kinyarwanda word ibirunga, which means “volcanoes”.
The Virunga Ranges consist of eight major volcanoes, of which most of them are recorded to be dormant apart from Nyiragongo that stands 3,462 meters, mount Nyamuragira recorded to stretch 3,063 metres.
Mount Karisimbi is the highest volcano at 4,507 metres (14,787 ft). The oldest mountain is Mount Sabyinyo, which rises 3,634 metres (11,923 ft) above sea level all steming in the Virunga regions.
Historically, In 1861, the British explorer John Hanning Speke saw the Virunga Mountains from a distance;
in 1876 another, British explorer, Sir Henry Morton Stanley obtained a clear though distant view of the three eastern volcanoes.
Later, in 1894, a German explorer, Count Adolf von Gotzen, explored the two western volcanoes in the ranges.
The Virunga ranges have it in record to habituate the critically endangered mountain gorilla, they are also dominated by the afro montane forests.
Different tree species can be seen along the steep slopes, there are also different wild life like primates, birds, golden monkeys, flogs, butterflies, Gorillas amon others.
It is also recorded that Nyiragongo and Nyamulagira emerged about twenty thousand years ago at the western end of the Virunga range.
That, these were the last volcanoes in the range to be formed, It also noted that, that these features are still active.
On top of Nyiragongo, there is a crater lake estimated to be 1.2 kilometers with a lava pool.
The Virunga Mountains (also known as Mufumbiro) are a chain of volcanoes in East Africa, along the northern border of Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Uganda.
The mountain range is a branch of the Albertine Rift Mountains, which border the western branch of the East African Rift. They are located between Lake Edward and Lake Kivu.
The name “Virunga” is an English version of the Kinyarwanda word ibirunga, which means “volcanoes”.
List of mountains in the Virunga Mountain Ranges
|Name of mountain||Location||Elevation in Meters||Elevation in Feet|
|Mount Karisimbi||Rwanda / DRC||4,507||14,790|
|Mount Muhabura||Rwanda / Uganda||4,127||13,540|
|Mount Bisoke||Rwanda / DRC||3,711||12,180|
|Mount Sabyinyo||Rwanda / Uganda / DRC||3,674||12,050|
|Mount Gahinga||Rwanda / Uganda||3,474||11,400|