Virunga Mountain Ranges | Volcanic Mountain Ranges


Virunga Mountain Ranges, also called Mufumbiro Mountains , volcanic range north of Lake Kivu in east-central Africa, extending about 50 miles (80 km) along the borders of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda.

Virunga Mountain Ranges: Mount-Sabyinyo-muhavura-gorilla-trips-2

Virunga Mountain Ranges: Mount Sabyinyo

Virunga Mountain Ranges: Mount Gahinga,

Virunga Mountain Ranges: Mount Gahinga,

They are a chain of volcanoes in East Africa, The mountain range is a branch of the Albertine Rift Mountains, which border the western branch of the East African Rift.

They are located between Lake Edward and Lake Kivu.

It is noted that, the name “Virunga” is an English version of the Kinyarwanda word ibirunga, which means “volcanoes”.

The Virunga Ranges consist of eight major volcanoes, of which most of them are recorded to be dormant apart from Nyiragongo that stands 3,462 meters, mount Nyamuragira recorded to stretch 3,063 metres.

Mount Karisimbi is the highest volcano at 4,507 metres (14,787 ft). The oldest mountain is Mount Sabyinyo, which rises 3,634 metres (11,923 ft) above sea level all steming in the Virunga regions.

Historically, In 1861, the British explorer John Hanning Speke saw the Virunga Mountains from a distance;

in 1876 another, British explorer, Sir Henry Morton Stanley obtained a clear though distant view of the three eastern volcanoes.

Later, in 1894, a German explorer, Count Adolf von Gotzen, explored the two western volcanoes in the ranges.

The Virunga ranges have it in record to habituate the critically endangered mountain gorilla, they are also dominated by the afro montane forests.

Different tree species can be seen along the steep slopes, there are also different wild life like primates, birds, golden monkeys, flogs, butterflies, Gorillas amon others.

It is also recorded that Nyiragongo and Nyamulagira emerged about twenty thousand years ago at the western end of the Virunga range.

That, these were the last volcanoes in the range to be formed, It also noted that, that these features are still active.

On top of Nyiragongo, there is a crater lake estimated to be 1.2 kilometers with a lava pool.

The Virunga Mountains (also known as Mufumbiro[1]) are a chain of volcanoes in East Africa, along the northern border of Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Uganda.

The mountain range is a branch of the Albertine Rift Mountains, which border the western branch of the East African Rift. They are located between Lake Edward and Lake Kivu.

The name “Virunga” is an English version of the Kinyarwanda word ibirunga, which means “volcanoes”.

List of mountains in the Virunga Mountain Ranges

Name of mountain Location Elevation in Meters Elevation in Feet
Mount Karisimbi Rwanda / DRC 4,507 14,790
Mount Mikeno DRC 4,437 14,560
Rwanda / Uganda 4,127 13,540
Mount Bisoke Rwanda / DRC 3,711 12,180
Rwanda / Uganda / DRC 3,674 12,050
Mount Gahinga Rwanda / Uganda 3,474 11,400
Mount Nyiragongo DRC 3,470 11,400
Mount Nyamuragira DRC 3,058 10,031